There are different types of orthodontic appliances; and, each one of them has pros and cons. I will focus on five of them here:
Self-Ligating Braces: These look just like normal braces. However, normal braces have ligatures that are used to hold the wire in place, while self-ligating braces are designed with built-in clips to make the wire.
- They are very easy to clean, as there are no obstructions. This is because there are no ligatures, which are good at trapping food particles.
- Since there are no additions to the braces, they feel a lot more comfortable than other braces.
- There are less dentist appointments. This is because of the absence of ligatures, which require them to be adjusted often. This aspect ensures that the braces last longer than other braces.
- They take time to completely suit your mouth, hence many adjustments during this period.
- They are not completely invisible.
Lingual Braces: These have metal brackets and wires designed to be fitted behind the teeth. They are ideal for people with moderate to overcrowding teeth, or for those with spaces between the teeth.
- You can go on with your life without anyone ever noticing that you have braces, since they are fitted behind the teeth. They are only visible when you open your mouth too wide.
- They are more expensive than other braces, as they are difficult to fit.
- Cleaning them can also be more difficult than cleaning other braces.
Metal Braces: These are the standard braces. They consist of steel wire and plastic ligatures. There are metal brackets that are used to clip the braces to the teeth.
- These braces can be beautified with different colors to make them look more appealing.
- Though they are not cheap, they are the least expensive type of braces.
- Metal braces can make it more difficult to floss and brush.
Invisalign: These are teeth trays made of clear, molded plastic. They are meant for both upper and lower teeth. These are fitted according to the tooth straightening stage you are in.
- They are almost invisible when in use.
- They are only ideal for people with minor straightening needs.
Ceramic / Tooth Colored Braces: Brackets are fitted on the teeth. They are usually tooth-colored.
- They blend in well with the teeth.
- The ligatured are made of latex, which stains. This makes them noticeable.
This article and the information within it was compiled by Jem. He often writes on issues related to gum disease, dentistry/orthodontics, nutrition and other oral hygiene/health topics. You can follow Jem on twitter @writerjem to learn more about topics he covers.